June 29, 2018
by Nora Nagy

Arts & crafts projects for sunny and rainy days

Now that the holidays are here, we need the most playful activities to keep the language your children learnt during the school term alive and help them use the words they have learnt in various contexts.

In our series of readers for young learners (Helbling Young Readers and The Thinking Train) you will find a project at the end of each book. These one-page projects are arts & crafts activities or board games which will help you end the reading sessions in a playful way, connecting the story with your immediate environment and creating something that not only serve as toys but also remind you of different elements of the story. Here are our favourite projects for cooler, rainy days and warmer, sunny days. Some of them will work well inside the house and some you can also take or make outside.

This week we select our favourite projects from the Helbling Young Readers series. You will find each project at the end of the readers or you can download them from the Helbling Young Readers website.


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1 Make a sand bottle

What’s the story?

Anna is very happy. It is a beautiful day. A perfect day for the beach. But Nina is not happy. She is on a boat, far from the beach. This is the story of two little girls, and how a place can mean very different things to different people.

What’s the project?

Follow the instruction to make a sand bottle for your family.

Details of the book:

The Beach, written by Rick Sampedro, illustrated by Agilulfo Russo

2 Make a kite

What’s the story?

Ehud and Elisa like flying kites. One windy day Ehud’s kite goes up and he can’t see it. Ehud is sad. Then it comes down in Elisa’s garden. Elisa gives Ehud his kite and he is happy. But then Ehud and Elisa look at their fathers. Their fathers aren’t friends. They are sad. Can the children think of a way to make everyone happy?

What’s the project?

Follow the instructions to make your own kite, decorate it and fly it!

Details of the book:

The Kite, written by Rick Sampedro, illustrated by Stefano Misesti

3 Make a sunflower picture

What’s the story?

Sam loves visiting his grandad in the country and playing in the sunflower fields. One day, Sam’s grandad gives Sam some sunflower seeds. Sam plants his seeds and he waters them carefully. But the seeds do not grow. Can Grandad help?

What’s the project?

Follow the instructions to make a sunflower picture. Even better if you can also visit some sunflower fields!

Details of the book:

Sam and the Sunflower Seeds, written by Maria Cleary, illustrated by Lorenzo Sabbatini


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1 Make a board game

What’s the story?

Big Goat, Middle Goat and Little Goat are hungry. And there’s lots of grass on the hill on the other side of the bridge. But there’s a mean and nasty troll under the bridge. How can the three goats cross the bridge and eat the grass?

What’s the project?

Follow the instructions to make and play your own board game.

Details of the book:

The Three Goats, retold by Richard Northcott, illustrated by Stefano Misesti

2 Make a toy theatre

What’s the story?

Today Little Red Riding Hood is visiting her grandmother in the forest. In the forest there is a woodcutter and… there’s a big, bad wolf. Be careful, Little Red Riding Hood! What happens when she arrives at Grandmother’s house? And can the woodcutter arrive in time to save the little girl and her grandmother?

What’s the project?

Follow the instructions to make a toy theatre, and then act out a scene from the story. You can download the templates for the theathre from our website.

Details of the book:

Little Red Riding Hood, retold by Richard Northcott, illustrated by Catty Flores

3 Perform ‘Beauty and the Beast’

What’s the story?

When Beauty’s father picks a rose for his daughter he makes the owner of the rosebush, a terrible beast, very angry. In payment for the rose Beauty must leave her family and go to live in the beast’s castle. In time Beauty and the beast become friends. Then one day Beauty’s father falls ill and she returns home to look after him. Does she return to the beast?

What’s the project?

Download the playscript, download the Beast’s mask, follow the instructions and perform the play.

Details of the book:

Beauty and the Beast, retold by Richard Northcott, illustrated by Catty Flores

June 26, 2018
by Nora Nagy

Holiday reads from the folk at Helbling

What goes on your essential holiday equipment list? A large towel, sunglasses, flip-flops, sunscreen, a swimsuit and books, obviously. We love reading all year round, but when we have an extra weekend or even a week off, we cannot wait to switch off and disappear in a great read. Some of the people in Helbling have shared their book picks for the holidays. As I tend to keep reading the same authors, it is refreshing to see great titles I might not even heard about before.

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Maria Cleary, Helbling Readers Series Editor

Cristina Lazzeri, Marketing and Advertising Manager

Elisa Pasqualini, Multimedia

Novella Paolucci, Logistics and Production

Francesca Gironi, Art Editor and Editorial Assistant

Veronica Stecconi, Multimedia and Editorial Assistant

Ella Beeson, Editorial Assistant

Gianluca Armeni, Graphic Designer

Lavinia Mandolini, Graphic Designer

Nora Nagy, Helbling Readers Blog and Social Media

June 5, 2018
by Nora Nagy

Hooked on words: interview with Julie Moore, lexicographer and corpus researcher

In this series of interviews we talk to teachers, ELT writers, visual artists and researchers about the importance of using literature in the language classroom. Together they have over a hundred years of experience in teaching and writing so they can definitely give us plenty of advice and insight into the best practices.

This month we have a special guest from the field of applied linguistics, Julie Moore. Julie is a freelance ELT writer, lexicographer and corpus researcher based in Bristol, in the UK. She’s worked on a wide range of published ELT materials including learner’s dictionaries, language practice materials and coursebooks for both General English and Academic English. Words are still her first love  and one recent  project is  as author of the Oxford Academic Vocabulary Practice titles (2017, OUP).

Visit Julie’s websites to learn more about her work:

Helbling Readers Blog (HRB): You work as a corpus researcher and lexicographer. How did you choose these fields of linguistics?

Julie Moore: I spent the first part of my career as an EFL teacher – in Greece then the Czech Republic – and the part of my job I enjoyed most was trying to answer language questions. I loved trying to figure out why we say one thing and not another. And that led me back to the UK to complete a Master’s in Applied Linguistics, specializing in corpus linguistics and lexicography.

HRB: How different is a lexicographer’s work today from the days before Internet?

Julie: I guess one of the big differences is the range of possibilities that digital and online dictionaries have opened up. Working in print was very restrictive, trying to cram the most important information about a word into a small space and always having more that you wanted to include. The digital medium allows lexicographers to add more of the information they find when researching a word and to present it in an easier to digest way. We can include more example sentences, usage notes, collocations, information about synonyms, antonyms, related words, links between entries … the list goes on. And on screen, you don’t have to to overload the user with all this information at once, instead they can click on links to explore the points they’re interested in. Perhaps ironically, the advent of smartphones has meant a step in the opposite direction. Mobile-friendly versions of dictionaries, online or as apps, again need to condense the information into an entry small enough to fit on the screen of a mobile phone.

HRB: What does a corpus researcher do?

Julie: I use corpora (the plural of corpus) in a number of ways. I use them to research how language is used when I’m writing my own materials, be that dictionaries, vocabulary practice materials or just general ELT coursebooks. I also act as a researcher carrying out corpus research to feed into projects by other writers. That especially involves using a learner corpus to identify common learner errors.

HRB: How can corpus research inform ELT materials development?

Julie: I use native speaker corpora to check how language is actually used in the real world; to back up my own intuitions. So, I’ll often check which collocation is most frequently used with a particular word and is therefore most useful to highlight in teaching materials. Or I might check what context a particular grammatical form is most commonly used in and then pick that as the topic for a language activity. So, for example recently, I was looking for ideas to practise compound future tenses. I was drawing a bit of a blank, so I did some corpus searches and noticed lots of examples from weather forecasts – the rain will be moving in from the west; it will have cleared by midday – so I built an activity around that. It’s a way of reflecting authentic usage rather than coming up with rather contrived language exercises.

When it comes to learner corpus research, I do a lot of work investigating the most common problem areas for students from particular language backgrounds. This can then feed into extra practice in these specific areas in materials aimed at those learners.

HRB: Do you have to be a computer guru to become a corpus researcher?

Julie: No, not at all. Most modern corpus tools are pretty intuitive, very much like any of the other software we use all the time. You can start off with very basic searches just by typing a word into a box, much as you would with Google. Then as you get used to the different options and menus, you learn to build more complex searches. Unfortunately, different corpora tend to use different software, especially those which are publicly available. That means switching between them can be a bit frustrating and take a bit of time to figure out, rather like switching from a PC to a Mac.

HRB: Which are your favourite corpora?

Julie: Probably the most useful corpora for research are the very large ’balanced’ corpora compiled and maintained by the large dictionary publishers. A balanced corpus is one which contains data from a range of different sources: written and spoken language, different genres, different regional varieties. Having a real range of language data makes a corpus much more representative of language use in general and having a very large amount of data provides many more examples to work with, especially when you’re looking for less frequent words or combinations.

HRB: Something I really like about online dictionaries is that they are constantly updated. Are there situations when you still prefer using a printed dictionary?

Julie: I use both. I’ll sometimes use a print dictionary when I have several windows already open on screen and it’s just easier to have paper dictionary open on my desk to look down at. I also have a number of specialist dictionaries on my shelves which aren’t available online. Perhaps my favourite of these is the Oxford Learner’s Thesaurus which I was lucky enough to work on and which I regularly refer to to help me tease out the subtle differences in meaning between similar words.

HRB: In teacher training circles we often suggest that teachers could benefit from learning the basics of corpus research. What do you think of this idea? How do you think corpus research skills can help language teachers?

Julie: Yes, I think learning some basic corpus research skills and becoming familiar with a relevant corpus can be really helpful for teachers. It’s a great way to explore language points when you’re not sure you can rely on your intuition or to answer tricky questions that crop up. I was teaching most recently on academic English courses at Bristol University and often I’d come across something, for example in a student essay, which didn’t feel right but I couldn’t put my finger on why. Often doing a quick corpus search would help me figure out what was going on. Whether or not I then actually looked at the corpus in class to explain the language point would depend on the type of students and how much time I had available, but just getting the answer clear in my head, I think, helped me give better feedback.

HRB: There are many popular and well-known word lists available on the Internet. Are there any  you would recommend to teachers?

Julie: I think wordlists are a really useful guide to help teachers choose which vocabulary to prioritize. Which list you choose will depend on your teaching context. So, the English Vocabulary Profile project (from Cambridge English) is really useful for general learners of English. It labels words according to the approximate CEFR level at which students can be expected to start using those words. Or if you’re teaching academic English, then the Academic Word List or the Academic Vocabulary List can both be very useful. My only word of warning would be that wordlists should always be seen as guides and used with a healthy dose of common sense rather than adhered to too rigidly.

HRB: Does a lexicographer have a favourite word?

Julie: There are lots of words that I love and mostly it comes down to how they feel and sound. Perhaps my favourite though is ‘soporific’. I first came across it as a young child in Beatrix Potter’s The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies and I think it was possibly one of the first seeds that led onto my lifelong love of words.

HRB: What do you like reading?

Julie: I’m a slow reader and I don’t read nearly as much as I’d like to. I think that’s because I spend time actually enjoying the words on the page. I’m not a big fan of really difficult-to-understand, pretentious literary works and neither do I like poorly-written ’pulp fiction’ that’s just all about the plot. I like something in-between that’s well written and uses language in a pleasing way, but which I can also relate to and relax with.

HRB: Thank you for the interview, Julie!

May 24, 2018
by Nora Nagy

Lighting up Children’s Lit: Roald Dahl

The people who made a difference: 3) Roald Dahl

“And above all, watch with glittering eyes the whole world around you because the greatest secrets are always hidden in the most unlikely places. Those who don’t believe in magic will never find it.”

The Minpins, Roald Dahl

Portrait of Roald Dahl by Carl Van Vechten, 1954. Source: Wikimedia Commons. Original location: Carl Van Vechten Photographs collection at the Library of Congress.

What is your most memorable Roald Dahl moment? Whether you have read his novels or seen adaptations of them, you will recognise his distinctive, marvellous darkly comic style (don’t forget he is also famous for his Tales of the Unexpected). Matilda, Charlie, Willy Wonka, the Enormous Crocodile and the BFG are some of the characters we have loved meeting and getting to know. I still feel amazed by children’s reactions to their first Roald Dahl story and seeing how it immediately enchants.

Roald Dahl’s life is just as fantastic as his stories, and in this lesson we invite you and your students and fellow readers to embark on a journey to learn more about it.


We have divided his life into 3 sections. Ask the class to form groups and choose one of the sections. Then get them to search the Internet (the Roald Dahl official website or the Wikipedia site dedicated to his life can be good starting points) and answer the questions. When they are ready with this, they can prepare a small presentation.

We will explore the following topics.

  • His life
  • Being a writer
  • Playful language
  • Fascinating facts

HIS LIFE (1916-1990)

1 Childhood and school years

  1. Where was he born?
  2. Where did he get the name ‘Roald’ from?
  3. What was Dahl’s first language?
  4. Where were his parents born?
  5. Where was he born?
  6. What tragedies happened in his family?
  7. How many schools did he go to?
  8. Did he like school?
  9. What bad experiences did he have at school?

2 Travels and becoming a WWII pilot

  1. Where did he travel after school?
  2. Which company did he work for?
  3. Where did his company send him?
  4. What accident happened to him?
  5. How long did he stay in Alexandria after this accident?
  6. What is a fighter ace? How did he become one?
  7. Why did he stop being a pilot?

3 Living in the U.S. and becoming a writer

  1. Where did he live in the U.S.?
  2. How did he become a spy for the MI6?
  3. How did he know Ian Fleming, the author of the James Bond stories?
  4. What was the inspiration of his first story, The Gremlins written in 1943?
  5. What was his first story written for adults?


“You have to keep your bottom on the chair and stick it out. Otherwise, if you start getting in the habit of walking away when you’re stuck you’ll never get it done.”

The Author’s Eye Notebook, Roald Dahl

After World War II Dahl started publishing stories for children and adults .

His grown-up home

He lived in Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire from 1954 until his death in 1990.

  1. Find this place on the map, and find information about the village on the Internet.
  2. What was the name of his house in Missenden?

Dahl’s works

  1. How many children’s novels did he write?
  2. What stories did he write for adults?
  3. Are his stories available in your language?

Writing habits

Find information about his writing place, the Writing Hut. One of his friends built this place for him. It was inspired by the great Welsh poet, Dylan Thomas’s Writing Shed.

Visit the webpages on the Roald Dahl official website and learn more about the Writing Hut and Dahl’s writing process.


Dahl is famous for inventing new words (over 500!) which are naturally comphrensible for readers. Some of his words have become widely used in the English language. We can learn a lot from his creativity and try some of his techniques. In 2016, to celebrate his 100th birthday, the Oxford Roald Dahl Dictionary was published.

Here’s a fun article about his words from the Guardian :

What do you think these words mean? Try saying them out loud and have fun translating them if you can!

  • frightsome
  • swogswallowed
  • frobscottle
  • biffsquiggled
  • scrumdiddlyumptious
  • lickswishy

Learn more about the following literary devices:

  • spoonerism
  • onomatopoeia
  • malapropism

Create your own examples for each one.


There are a lot of details about Dahl’s life which will amaze you.

  1. How tall was he?
  2. How did Norwegian tales influence his life?
  3. How did he and his fellow students become chocolate tasters?
  4. What is the Wade-Dahl-Till (WDT) valve?
  5. What is the name of Dahl’s charity? What does it support?
  6. Who were his favourite authors?
  7. How did he become a ‘New Elizabethan’? What does it mean?
  8. How many times was he married?
  9. How many children did he have?
  10. What was special about his funeral?

Visit the website of the museum dedicated to Roald Dahl:

We recommend the other lessons in this series:

May 17, 2018
by Nora Nagy

Talking Sense and Sensibility in the classroom

We are all aware of the benefits of extensive reading, but some of us may feel unsure about how to approach longer texts in class. How should we scaffold the reading for our students and how much time should we dedicate to talking about the book in class? How will the students benefit from their reading experience? How can we link the book to our syllabus?

In this series of posts, we would like to encourage you to take extensive reading seriously and take a novel into class. We will look at how you can prepare your students for the text and expand it beyond the frame of the story. It is important to prepare the students so they are aware of what they are doing. Some of them may feel intimidated by the idea of reading a book in English, others may not see the benefits. These fears and preconceptions can be easily addressed and thereby make the reading process much more beneficial and all-importantly FUN for the students. It is always a good idea for students to keep a WORD BOOK where they can jot down new words and expressions. We also recommend getting your students to read slightly below level (‘I’ minus 1) so they are at ease with the language and consolidating language while learning new words in context.

This month we continue with the much loved novel, Sense and Sensibility written by Jane Austen. You can read a short description of the Helbling Reader edition here.

The book was adapted by Elspeth Rawstron and illustrated by Sara Menetti.
The activities were written by Elspeth Rawstrom and Gianfranco Martorano. The reader is written for teens and adult readers at an intermediate level of English (CEFR B1).

Our aims are to:

  • raise interest in the story,
  • become familiar with the reader,
  • find pathways into the story through projects,
  • expand the social, cultural and historical setting of the story,
  • make personal links,
  • have fun.

CLIL links:

  • Sociology
  • History
  • Psychology

A novel about love, marriage and social issues

This novel was published in 1811, and it shows the danger of Romanticism, and suggests that there needs to be a fine balance between emotions and common sense. It also describes the social issues of the middle and upper classes in 18th- and 19th-century England by showing how unstable people’s social status – especially women’s – can become.


The characters in Sense and Sensibility. Illustrated by Sara Menetti. © Helbling

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